MARITIME CYBER SECURITY
As technology continues to develop, information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) onboard ships are increasingly being networked together – and more frequently connected to the worldwide web.
This brings the greater risk of unauthorized access or malicious attacks to ships’ systems and networks. Risks may also occur from personnel having access to the systems on board, for example by introducing malware via removable media.
Relevant personnel should have training in identifying the typical modus operand of cyber attacks.
The safety, environmental and commercial consequences of not being prepared for a cyber incident may be significant. Responding to the increased cyber threat, a group of international shipping organizations, with support from a wide range of stakeholders, have developed these guidelines, which are designed to assist companies develop resilient approaches to cyber security onboard ships.
Approaches to cyber security will be company- and ship-specific, but should be guided by appropriate standards and the requirements of relevant national regulations. The Guidelines provide a risk-based approach to identifying and responding to cyber threats.