Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) Archives - SHIP IP LTD

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From July 1st 2021, any ship which is 500GT or over, regardless of flag, will require a valid and certified Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) on board if calling at an EU port or anchorage.

This training focusses on the key issues that crewmembers will have to deal with.

The STCW.online IHM Awareness online course provides knowledge for all officers and crewmembers involved in the IHM protocol on board.

Developed in accordance with:

European Union Ship Recycling Regulation – EU SRR

Inventory of Hazardous Materials – IHM, comes into force 1 July 2021

 

Source: stcw


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The EU Ship Recycling Regulation came into force on 31 December 2020 and effects any in-service ship of 500 GT or over calling at any EU* port or anchorage (regardless of flag). It requires that vessels hold a valid and certified Inventory Hazardous Materials (IHM) on board.

This also continues to apply under the UK Ship Recycling Regulation (UK SRR), following the UK’s exit from the EU.

IHM is a structured system to control hazardous materials onboard ships and achieve compliance with both (EU SRR) and the Hong Kong Convention (HKC) for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships.

 

Source: lr


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An Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) helps ship owners maintain control of hazardous materials by detailing the types, quantities and locations of such materials onboard each vessel.

Most importantly, a thorough and accurate IHM is required for compliance with the EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR) and the Hong Kong Convention (HKC) for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships. With the deadline to comply with IHM requirements quickly approaching, ship owners must prepare to act now.

Achieving IHM Compliance: A 3-Step Guide

1- Plan for the IHM Compliance Deadline

Ship owners should keep in mind that the entire process for IHM compliance can take up to 3 months. While the delay caused by COVID-19 is unprecedented, it represents only a 6-month period since the adoption of the EU SRR 7 years ago.

Starting 31 December 2020, any ship which is 500 GT or over, regardless of flag, will require a valid and certified IHM onboard if calling at an EU port or anchorage. Non-EU flagged vessels can also be certified against EU SRR by complying with the HKC IHM requirements.

The IHM consists of three parts:

  • Part I: Hazardous materials contained in the ship’s structure and equipment
  • Part II: Operationally generated waste
  • Part III: Stores

2- Gain IHM Compliance

Owners need a seamless and effective way to meet IHM requirements. The ABS Nautical Systems (NS) Asset Management software solution can guide owners and operators through this process.

To help global mariners comply with the IHM requirements, NS has launched comprehensive capabilities that are fully integrated into the existing NS Maintenance Manager and NS Purchasing Manager software modules.

Key IHM compliance features will:

  • Identify equipment, spaces and structures that contain hazardous materials
  • Produce an Inventory of Hazardous Materials report in an approved format
  • Identify spare parts that are hazardous, including hazard type and quantity of hazardous material per part
  • Capture initial inventory using an Export Excel tool
  • Provide automatic updates for IHM Part I through standard maintenance and purchasing processes
  • Document required periodic audits of inventory in the HSQE and Vetting Manager module

 

Source: abs-group


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Track your IHM in an integrated HM system – all you need to know as a shipowner in relation to inventory of hazardous materials.

Creating an IHM is one of the fundamental practices that keeps the maritime industry safe and sustainable. Prepare and maintain IHM for your fleet with the help of provided templates in SERTICA.

What is IHM?

Inventory of Hazardous Material (IHM) is a document identifying all potentially hazardous materials onboard a vessel. Hidden hazards are identified, located and quantified following IMO Resolution guidelines. The inventory replaces the Green Passport, adopted in the Hong Kong International Convention in 2009, and is a requirement by the EU Ship Recycling Regulation 2013.

Other Frequently Asked Questions about IHM

Ensure compliance with HM Inventory

Completing an IHM is only the beginning of compliance. It is the ship owner’s responsibility to ensure continuous conformity of the inventory in compliance with the following regulations:

  • Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships (2009)
  • EU Ship Recycling regulations (SRR)

Prepare for IHM certification

Manage the hidden hazards onboard ships as a natural part of your internal processes. By setting up a HM system, you ensure a smooth IHM certification.

The preparations include:

  1. Research which hazardous materials you have onboard
  2. Identify purchase orders containing hazardous materials (e.g. in relation to dry dock and hull painting or asbestos and Ozone Depleting Substances)
  3. Send Material Declaration (MD) and Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) templates to your suppliers
  4. Set up Analytics Report in SERTICA

Advantages of a HM System

Once you are working in a HM system, the advantages include less administrative work for preparation and maintaining of the IHM. Managing IHM in SERTICA, you can easily identify the hazardous materials on board and get complete transparency for processes such as procurement and maintenance.

Learn more about key features and benefits in the Item Certificate module managing IHM in SERTICA

Why do you need Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM)?

It is mandatory for ships operating in the marine environment, which are equal to or above 500 GT to keep an IHM. Navy ships and domestic ships are excluded. The inventory replaces the Green Passport, adopted in the Hong Kong International Convention in 2009. It is a requirement by the IMO RESOLUTION MEPC.269(68) and EU Ship Recycling Regulation 2013.

 

Source: sertica


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The presence of hazardous materials on ships are commonplace and are unlikely to go away as they are necessary for the construction and maintenance of a vessel. Asbestos, for example, is one of the most common materials found on board and is used primarily in the walls and doors of an engine room due to its thermal insulation and fire-resistant properties. However, it is also extremely hazardous when it is broken up and can lead to fatal diseases if inhaled. Long-term exposure to heavy metals like lead or mercury (which can be found in paints, batteries, etc) can also cause irreversible neurological damage.

As awareness of hazardous materials grows in response to the safety and environmental concerns, various efforts have been initiated by authorities to regulate the inventory and management of hazardous materials throughout the lifecycle of a ship, in particular the Hong Kong Convention and the EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR).

With the impending deadline for existing ships to comply with the EU SRR set to 31st December 2020, this could be a major cause for concern for all vessels calling at EU ports. That means most of the ocean-going fleet worldwide should comply for all practical purposes or risk restricting the trading options for their fleet. Ships are often fixed for cargo in different parts of the world on very short notice, so make sure that your ship does not get caught out by not meeting the requirements of the different port-states beginning next year.

 

Source: ship-technology


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As people become more concerned about their environment, the shipping community is changing too – to take on a more responsible approach for every single step in the life cycle of a ship. The conventions and regulations adopted by governments across the world are a testament to this change and we, at IRClass, are committed to support your environmental goals.

IMO adopted “The Hong Kong International Convention for the safe of environmentally sound recycling of ships” in the year 2009 followed by the EU Ship Recycling Regulation (EU SRR) in 2013 that requires every ship calling at EU Port to carry an inventory of hazardous material (IHM) verified by the relevant administration or authority and specifying the location and approximate quantities of those materials. (Correct?)

 

Source: irclass


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The IHM provides detailed information with regard to potentially hazardous materials utilised in the construction of the ship, its equipment and systems.
Therefore, all the ship’s upgrades and equipment substitution performed on board during the life of the ship are to be reflected into a constant updating of the IHM allowing the Owner to have an updated document at the time of the delivery of the ship to the recycling facility.

Regulatory Focus

The service is provided in application of the requirements of the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009, and of the UE regulation on Ship Recycling (N°1257/2013) 30th December 2013.
The verification of IHM, and the related laboratory testing activities, are performed in compliance with UNI EN ISO 9001:2008 and UNI ENI ISO 14001:2004 and accredited in compliance with UNI CEI EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005.

Deliverables

The steps to be followed before delivering the ship to the recycling facility are:

  • List of hazardous materials contained in the structure or equipment of the ship, their location and approximate quantities (Part I);
  • List of the waste present on board the ship, including waste generated during the operation of the ship (Part II);
  • List of the stores present on board the ship once the decision to recycle it has been taken (Part III).

The procedure to draft the IHM is:

  • Collection and relevant assessment of necessary information
  • Preparation of visual/pick up sampling plan
  • Onboard visual inspection and pick up sampling campaign
  • Preparation of Part I of the Inventory and related documentation.
  • Preparation of Part II and III of the Inventory once the vessel will arrive at the recycling facility.

Why RINA?

RINA, having participated in the development and update of both IMO and EU regulations, developed an integrated service of verification and testing covering all aspects relevant to the Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM).
We have a long experience on this matter, starting from the requirements established in our rules since 2006 (we called GREEN PASSPORT), and updated in 2011 (GREEN PASSPORT PLUS).
Today we have the proven capacity to perform the survey on board necessary to verify the presence of Haz Mat, conduct, together with partners, testing on samples in accordance with relevant regulations where necessary.

Reference standards:

  • “Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009”, SR/CONF/45
  • UE regulation on Ship Recycling (N°1257/2013) 30th December 2013
  • “2015 Guidelines for the development of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials”, MEPC.269(68)
  • RINA MNO n°73 “EU Regulation on ship recycling – UPDATED”

 

Source:  rina


Eyeing indigenous production of containers amid a global surge in demand, the Centre is looking to develop Bhavnagar in Gujarat as a container hub and has set up pilot projects for its manufacturing, Union Minister Mansukh Mandaviya said.

The initiative aimed at attaining self-reliance in container production eyes Rs 1,000 crore investment from private players and looks to create one lakh jobs.

 

Source: economictimes


The time is up for the owners of any ships calling at EU ports or anchorages to arrange surveys, required by the EU Ship Recycling Regulation, to identify if hazardous materials including asbestos, are present on board. Will such surveys lead to an unwelcome and unexpected surprise with asbestos estimated to be present on a significant number of ships? Can owners be confident of relying on certification that the vessel is “asbestos free” when built? The answer for some owners may unfortunately be no.

Over the years, the IMO have increased their restrictions on the permissible levels of asbestos contained on new build vessels using the framework of SOLAS. Since 1 January 2011, the presence of any asbestos at all in new build vessels has been prohibited.

This is because of the risks of asbestos to human health which have been well recognised for some time. Asbestos is an effective insulation material (as well as being fire resistant) and was traditionally used for that purpose on ships. However, it poses a risk when released into the atmosphere. The on-board environment of a ship’s pitching and rolling, as well as the vibrations of the engine, can encourage the release of dangerous asbestos fibres which can then be inhaled by crew and visitors on board. In-service repairs and modifications can also give rise to the same risk. Therefore, although much recent regulation has focussed on the risks arising at the time of ship recycling, asbestos on board can also pose a risk to health during the operation of the vessel. It can also expose shipowners to potential personal injury claims by visitors and crew members as well as imposing additional costs and operational constraints.

The detection of hazardous materials on board commercial ships is addressed in the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships (the Convention). The Convention, adopted in 2009 but not yet in force, will require all new commercial vessels over 500GT to carry an Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) listing all hazardous materials on board the vessel, their amounts and their locations.

Although some states, notably Australia and the Netherlands, require an independent approved surveyor to confirm the absence of asbestos before a ship can be entered with their flag, the majority have no such requirement. Therefore, as the Convention is not yet in force, there is limited practical regulation of the problem. An owner may have a ship that contains large quantities of asbestos but have no idea about this.

 

Source: maritimecyprus


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NYK recently announced that it was joining the Ship Recycling Transparency Initiative (SRTI), making it the first Japanese shipping company to join the independent effort design to promote transparency and improve the shipping industry’s recycling policies and practices. According to SRTI, NYK also became the twelfth shipowner to disclose its approach to recycling vessels, bringing the total number of signatories committing to the principles to 28 organizations.

The Ship Recycling Transparency Initiative is an independent effort hosted by the Sustainable Shipping Initiative. It is a collective effort that brings together the shipping industry, investors, cargo owners, and broader stakeholders to improve ship recycling policy, practice, and performance. The SRTI follows a voluntary market-driven approach to sustainable ship recycling practices, promoting information sharing on ship recycling practices and guidelines, and helps ensure greater transparency in the maritime sector.

“The NYK Group places environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors at the center of its business management. Through the SRTI, NYK can provide transparency in ship recycling, which we believe we can bring about improvements and influence needed,” said Hitoshi Nagasawa, President and Chief Executive Officer of NYK Line. “We are committed to promoting and contributing to raising standards of safety and sustainability.”

The practices of the shipping industry have come under increasing pressure based on numerous reports regarding conditions in the shipbreaking industry, which is mostly based in third-world countries. Ships contain large amounts of high-quality metals, which many of these countries sorely need. However, there has been a high level of attention on industrial accidents and environmental pollution when ships are dismantled.

NYK notes that as early as 2008, the company established its ship-recycling policy, which has been further updated to incorporate elements of the 2009 Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships. The policy includes a requirement to conduct an inventory of hazardous materials which is to be presented to the yard when the ship is delivered for scrapping.  The policy also calls for NYK to visit the yards, work with yards that have been issued a Statement of Compliance, and periodically certify that the yards are maintaining the level of occupational and environmental safety.

By participating in the SRTI effort NYK says it will further promote transparency of the ship-recycling process so that stakeholders can be assured that NYK-owned vessels are being safely and properly recycled. At the same time, NYK will promote responsible ship recycling within the global shipping industry.

Further, NYK notes in its policy that to help ship recycling yards in India comply with the Hong Kong convention as soon as possible, Japan Marine Science, a member of the NYK Group, has provided consulting services to 70 ship recycling yards in India. The consulting has included civil engineering work for renovation, selection of equipment, such as waste incinerators and hazardous material treatment equipment, assistance in bidding, and assistance in construction management in the “Preparatory Survey on the Ship Recycling Yard Improvement Project in India” conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

The practices of the Asian scrapyard including those in India have come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. Starting in 2019, the EU began requiring all EU-flagged ships over 500 GT to be scrapped in approved recycling facilities, but the EU has yet to approve any facilities in South Asia. Recently it was reported, that Danish authorities are investigating the demolition sales of four former Maersk-operated vessels that ended up at Indian scrapyards.

“We are glad to welcome NYK to the SRTI community and are encouraged to see momentum continue to build behind the importance of transparency and accountability on sustainability challenges such as ship recycling,” says Andrew Stephens, Executive Director of the Ship Recycling Transparency Initiative. “Shipowners like NYK are holding themselves to account before key stakeholders, making ship recycling data available for interested parties to review, scrutinize, and use to make informed decisions.”

 

Source: maritime-executive


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