EU Regulation no. 1257/2013 aims at preventing and reducing adverse effects on human health and the environment caused by ship recycling; it contains rules to ensure the proper management of hazardous materials on board.
Among such materials, a distinction is made between those that must not be present in new installations or new facilities (Annex 1):
- Ozone-depleting substances (e.g. CFCs, chlorodifluoromethane, halons, etc.);
- Antifouling compounds,
and those to be inventoried (Annex 2):
- Any material from the above list;
- Cd and its compounds;
- Cr VI and its compounds;
- Pb and its compounds;
- Hg and its compounds;
- Polychlorinated naphthalene (over 3 Cl);
- Radioactive substances;
- Short-chain chlorinated paraffin (alkanes, C10-C13, chlorine);
- HBCDD (brominated flame-retardants).
The Regulation approaches this issue taking into account the entire life of the ship, thus not only regulating demolition, but also all the phases of use. All newly built ships must be equipped with the Inventory of Hazardous Materials and owners of already existing ships have to prepare this document not later than December 31, 2020.
The Inventory is useful to identify and quantify the different types of hazardous materials and substances contained on board: in this way, it facilitates their responsible and environmentally sustainable disposal.
The Regulation applies to European ships that operate outside their own Member State in Europe and whose gross tonnage exceeds 500.
Mérieux NutriSciences tests all the materials and substances listed in Annex 1 and 2 of the Regulation and is a reliable partner for the analytical part, ISO17025 accredited, for consultants, engineering firms, certification bodies that follow their customers in the drawing up of the inventory or on board audits.